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Author: Dr. Ashish Kumar Nigam1

50-61  1

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doi no.: 05-2016-44975451

1. Sports Officer, Dean, Student Welfare, J.N.K.V.V.Jabalpur (M.P.) Mobile- 9826348748,


The main aim of the study was to assess the heath-related physical fitness in Indian school children. For this purpose,  a cross sectional purposive sample of 437 male children into seven  age groups i. e. 12 (N=63), 13(N=59),, 14(N=63),. 15(N=63),, 16(N=63),, 17(N=63) and 18(N=63) years belong to middle (N=215) and higher secondary (N=222) schools. The random sampling method was employed for the purpose of data collection from various schools  running in the tribal region of Sarguja division in the state of Chhattisgarh. For estimated body fat percentage of  an individual,  two skin-fold sites i.e. triceps and sub-scapular were measured by standard Skin-fold Caliper of all the male subjects in millimeters.  The measurements were made while the children were wearing light clothes and no shoes. Health-related physical fitness  was assessed through the sit-and-reach test for flexibility, modified sit-ups test  in one-minute  for strength/muscular endurance and nine-minute running/walking test for  cardio-respiratory endurance.  The subjects were tested within one month of their birthdays. All the subjects were tested in AAHPER health related fitness test items  i.e. 1.5 mile run, modified bent knee sit-ups for one minute, sit and reach test and triceps and sub scapular skin folds to collect the data on cardiovascular endurance, strength and endurance of abdominal muscles, flexibility of back and hamstring muscles  and amount of fat. From this study, it was  concluded that the health related fitness of boys  of twelve to eighteen years of age of Sarguja division declined in all age groups on flexibility with advancement of age except fifteen years of age and inclined in all age groups on abdominal strength/muscular endurance and body composition  with advancement of age. Which, possibly, may be attributed to the lack of physical activity after the age of fifteen years.   They  unproved in cardio-respiratory function at twelve to fourteen  years of age  and later on, they  improved significantly up to the age of eighteen years with some  fluctuations in time.

Keywords: Health related physical fitness, tribal, school children, Body Mass Index.


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