Author: Dr. Anil Mili, Sandip Sinha, and Priyanka Sinha

doi no.: 05-2016-44975451, DOI Link ::

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  1. Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Rajiv Gandhi University, Doimukh, Arunachal Pradesh (India),
  2. Research Scholar, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Rajiv Gandhi University, Doimukh, Arunachal Pradesh (India),
  3. Assistant Professor, Tripura Institute of Paramedical Sciences, Agartala, Tripura (India),

Sports are meant for fun and health benefits with minimal injury and damage risks. Unfortunately, it is during some occasions that athletes, coaches, and even spectators go through serious life-threatening medical emergency situations. It is very important for everyone to know when an event is considered an emergency and what could be the reasons behind it. Injuries are always a part of an athlete’s life, but one should not risk their life to fulfill the demand of the game. Accidents may happen during sports and it is very important to limit the degree and number of injuries with preventive measures. First priority is to avoid any mistake which can result in an injury or a sudden and painful fall of an athlete on-field. Instances of sudden cardiac death are becoming the leading cause of death among young athletes. No obvious symptoms are being known before an actual incident takes place on-field. The most common causes behind sudden cardiac arrest leading to a life-threatening moment are abnormal heart rhythm, cardiomyopathy, and acute myocarditis or inflammation of the heart muscle. Also, extreme exercise load and vigorous training can increase the risk of a serious emergency.If any additional stress is put on the heart from dehydration, heat, or a recent illness, that could have an impact and lead toward seriousness. The study is to review the causes behind the outbreak of emergency situation on-field due to extreme exertions and congenital heart abnormalities leading to Commotio Cordis among active sportspersons.

Keywords: Cordis; Death,  Heart Rhythm, sportspersons, Abnormality.


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Sports Institute,  UW Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle.


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