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Author: Dr. Rajkumar Sharma

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doi no.: 05-2016-44975451DOI Link ::


  1            Former Chief Coah Gymnastic,  Sports Authority of India & Honorary General Secretary, Chhattisgarh Mallakhamb Association, Bilaspur (CG) India


Mallakhamb is combination of Yoga, Gymnastics, and Martial Arts. The Exercises of  poles of  mallakhamb and rope  are played against the Gravity during upward and downward movement. Mallakhamb is the name given to a little known style of physical culture practiced in India. Mallakhamb developed in the state of Maharashtra in India and the first reference to it is in the Manasollasa (1135 AD). In 17th century Shri. Balambhatta Dada Deodhar introduced this game to others. There are many types of Mallakhamb as Pole, Rope, Hanging, Niradhar (without support), on cane, on floating platform, Mallakhamb with weapons etc. Mr. Takejamal was the first performer to demonstrate the art of Mallkhamb to Sir. Elphniston (British Resident of Pune). Saptashringi Wani,  Nashik & Kothure  were the birth place of Mallkhamb.  Mallakhamb was originally practiced to develop the strength, agility and flexibility of wrestlers and has now developed into a National Sport of India. In 1962, Gymnastics Federation of India organized the official  First National Championships of Mallakhamb at Gwalior (M.P.) as apart of National Gymnastic Championships.  In 1968-69, the game of Mallakhamb was introduced in the All India Inter-university Gymnastic Championship. The National Championships of Mallakhamb were organized until 1976  due   dissociation of Mallakhamb from GFI,   During this Mallkhamb championships, Mallakhamb Federation of India they  formed on January 29, 1981. After formation of Mallakhamb Federation (Regd) India,t State Mallakhamb  associations were started affiliated  with  this federation.. Mallakhamb was included in National School Games by School Games Federation of India in 19 years boys and girls  age Groups. A total of 35 national championships had been organized  by different state of India for different age groups. Maximum number of national Mallakhamb championships were organized in the state of Maharastra followed by Madhya Pradesh., Andhra Pradesh,  Uttar Pradesh, U.T (Goa), Rajasthan, Madras, Punjab, Gujrat, Pondichery  and Tamilnaidu.  It  is suggested that the practicing the exercise on Mallakhamb helps to develop flexibility, speed and rhythm, endurance, strength and stamina, speed, reflexes, concentration and coordination of  individual, and combat game’s player i.e. wrestling, judo, gymnastics, athletics, horse Riding, and court games etc. But with the phenomenal and ever increasing popularity of mallakhamb in the past few years,  there is a shocking lack of research in this specific area.

Keywords: Mallakhamb,  Indian Game,  physical fitness, Yoga, Gymnastics, and Martial.


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